Steady-state dynamic response based on harmonic excitation. This option is used to calculate the system's linearized steady-state response to harmonic excitation.
 Related Topics In Other Guides Direct-solution steady-state dynamic analysis Mode-based steady-state dynamic analysis Subspace-based steady-state dynamic analysis

ProductsAbaqus/StandardAbaqus/CAE

TypeHistory data

LevelStep

Abaqus/CAEStep module

## Optional and mutually exclusive parameters (used only if the dynamic response is not based on modal superposition)

DIRECT

Include this parameter to compute the steady-state harmonic response directly in terms of the physical degrees of freedom of the model. This usually makes the procedure significantly more expensive, but it can be used if model parameters depend on frequency, if the stiffness of the system is unsymmetric and the unsymmetric terms are important, or if the system contains discrete damping (such as dashpot elements).

SUBSPACE PROJECTION

Include this parameter to compute the steady-state harmonic response on the basis of the subspace projection method. In this case a direct solution is obtained for the model projected onto the eigenvectors obtained in the preceding FREQUENCY step. This is a cost-effective approach to including consideration of unsymmetric stiffness and frequency-dependent model parameters. It is more expensive than the modal superposition method but less expensive than the direct-solution method.

Set SUBSPACE PROJECTION=ALL FREQUENCIES (default) if the projection of the dynamic equations onto the modal subspace is to be performed at each frequency requested on the data lines.

Set SUBSPACE PROJECTION=CONSTANT if a single projection of the dynamic equations onto the modal subspace is to be used for all frequencies requested on the data lines. The projection is performed using model properties evaluated at the center frequency determined on a logarithmic or linear scale depending on the value of the FREQUENCY SCALE parameter.

Set SUBSPACE PROJECTION=EIGENFREQUENCY if the projections onto the modal subspace of the dynamic equations are to be performed at each eigenfrequency within the requested ranges and at the eigenfrequencies immediately outside these ranges. The projections are then interpolated at each frequency requested on the data lines. The interpolation is done on a logarithmic or linear scale depending on the value of the FREQUENCY SCALE parameter.

Set SUBSPACE PROJECTION=PROPERTY CHANGE to select how often subspace projections onto the modal subspace are performed based on material property changes as a function of frequency. The interpolation is done on a logarithmic or linear scale depending on the value of the FREQUENCY SCALE parameter.

Set SUBSPACE PROJECTION=RANGE if the projections onto the modal subspace of the dynamic equations are to be performed at the lower limit of each frequency range and at the upper limit of the last frequency range. The interpolation is done on a linear scale. This value can be used only with the SIM architecture.

## Optional parameters

DAMPING CHANGE

This parameter is relevant only for SUBSPACE PROJECTION=PROPERTY CHANGE.

Set this parameter equal to the maximum relative change in damping material properties before a new projection is to be performed. The default value is 0.1.

FREQUENCY SCALE

This parameter is relevant only if INTERVAL=EIGENFREQUENCY or INTERVAL=RANGE. If INTERVAL=SPREAD linear scale is used.

Set this parameter equal to LOGARITHMIC (default) or LINEAR to determine whether a logarithmic or linear scale is used for output. If the SUBSPACE PROJECTION parameter is included and is set equal to either EIGENFREQUENCY or PROPERTY CHANGE, the same scale will be used for the interpolation of the subspace projections.

FRICTION DAMPING

This parameter is relevant only if the DIRECT or the SUBSPACE PROJECTION parameter is included.

Set FRICTION DAMPING=NO (default) or YES to ignore or to include friction-induced damping effects at the slipping contact interface for which a velocity differential is imposed.

INTERVAL

Set INTERVAL=EIGENFREQUENCY if the frequency ranges specified on each data line are to be subdivided using the system's eigenfrequencies. This option requires a preceding FREQUENCY step and is the default if the DIRECT parameter is omitted.

Set INTERVAL=RANGE if the frequency range specified on each data line is to be used directly. This option is the default if the DIRECT parameter is included.

Set INTERVAL=SPREAD to define frequency points around eigenfrequencies found in the frequency ranges specified on each data line. This option requires a preceding FREQUENCY step.

REAL ONLY

This parameter is relevant only if the DIRECT or the SUBSPACE PROJECTION parameter is included.

Include this parameter if damping terms are to be ignored so that a real, rather than a complex, system matrix is factored. This option can reduce computational time significantly for the DIRECT procedure and, to a lesser extent, for the SUBSPACE PROJECTION procedure.

STIFFNESS CHANGE

This parameter is relevant only for SUBSPACE PROJECTION=PROPERTY CHANGE.

Set this parameter equal to the maximum relative change in stiffness material properties before a new projection is to be performed. The default value is 0.1.

## Data lines for a steady-state dynamics analysis if INTERVAL=EIGENFREQUENCY

First line
1. Lower limit of frequency range or a single frequency, in cycles/time.

2. Upper limit of frequency range, in cycles/time. If this value is given as zero, it is assumed that results are required at only one frequency and the remaining data items on the line are ignored.

3. Number of points in the frequency range at which results should be given, including the end points. It is the number of points from the lower limit of the frequency range to the first eigenfrequency in the range; in each interval from eigenfrequency to eigenfrequency; and from the highest eigenfrequency in the range to the high limit of the frequency range. The minimum value is 2. If the value given is less than 2 (or omitted), the default value of 20 points is assumed.

4. Bias parameter. This parameter is useful only if results are requested at four or more frequency points. It is used to bias the results points toward the ends of the intervals so that better resolution is obtained there. This is generally useful since the ends of each interval are the eigenfrequencies where the response amplitudes vary most rapidly. The default bias parameter is 3.0.

5. Frequency scale factor. All the frequency points, except the lower and upper limit of the frequency range, are scaled by this factor. The default frequency scale factor is 1.0.

Repeat this data line as often as necessary to define frequency ranges in which results are required.

## Data lines for a steady-state dynamics analysis if INTERVAL=RANGE

First line
1. Lower limit of frequency range or a single frequency, in cycles/time.

2. Upper limit of frequency range, in cycles/time. If this value is given as zero, it is assumed that results are required at only one frequency and the remaining data items on the line are ignored.

3. Total number of points in the frequency range at which results should be given, including the end points. The minimum value is 2. If the value given is less than 2 (or omitted), the default value of 20 points is assumed.

4. Bias parameter. This parameter is useful only if results are requested at four or more frequency points. It is used to bias the results points toward the ends of the intervals so that better resolution is obtained there. The default bias parameter is 1.0 .

Repeat this data line as often as necessary to define frequency ranges in which results are required.

First line
1. Lower limit of frequency range or a single frequency, in cycles/time.

2. Upper limit of frequency range, in cycles/time. If this value is given as zero, it is assumed that results are required at only one frequency and the remaining data items on the line are ignored.

3. Number of equally spaced points around the eigenfrequency at which results should be given, including the eigenfrequency and end points. The minimum value is 3. If the value given is less than 3 (or omitted), the default value of 3 points is assumed.

4. Bias parameter. If the value given is different than 1.0, the bias parameter is reset to 1.0.

5. Frequency scale factor. All the frequency points are scaled by this factor. The default frequency scale factor is 1.0.

6. Frequency spread. Determines the spread as a fractional value of each eigenfrequency in the specified range. The value must be greater than 0.0 and less than 1.0. The default frequency spread is 0.1.

Repeat this data line as often as necessary to define frequency ranges in which results are required.